Guide to Educational Loans: Bank Versus Non-Banking Financial Corporation (NBFC)

Quality Education is always worth our time, effort and importantly investment. Important decisions like this requires a thorough run through of options so that you are well informed of the pros and cons of your decision. The choice between Banking and Nonbanking corporations are commonly debated among the public either because of misinformation or lack of information. This article will aid to be a quick guide before you decide on who to go to for educational loans.

The key difference between bank and a NBFC:

Understanding the undergirding difference between the two may settle a lot of shadows for us.



Banks are overseen by the Reserve Bank of India

These corporations are regulated by the Companies Act 1956

They are entitled to be part of your payment process.

They cannot accept or issue deposits, drafts or cheques

However, the commonality between them is that they both can offer loans! Now the key difference being established, the services provided by each can be compared.

Loan Eligibility:

NBFCs have the longer rope in sanctioning your loan compared to the banks. NBFC determines loan eligibility based on your repayment capacity, credit score etc. While banks on the other hand makes you eligible based on your collateral, say home value. Bank loans exclude cost involved in stamp duty and registration procedures, while NBFC will craft plans to include these costs within your loan.

The paperwork hassle:

Banks have stringent and thorough process with paperwork, NBFC on the other hand have been able to achieve the same end through relaxed paperwork process. You may want to look out for both these options when choosing an educational loan.

Credit Score friendly:

Banks and NBFC favor loans to people with high credit score, however, in comparison to the bank, NBFC is friendlier to people with low credit score. You could choose what best aids your credit score.

Customized services:

If caught up with the busy schedules while looking out for educational loans, you may want to consider accessibility to information and the time taken to access services from the lenders. NBFC will come handy for busy schedules, as they provided customized services and assistance in terms of visa counselling, counseling, door step services etc. Banks on the other hand do not owe you that benefit.

Processing time:

Time is the most essential factor is any case. Delays and uncertainties can be frustrating and anxiety inducing. The loan approval process is shorter with NBFC compared to public sector banks, unless you have a favored relationship with your branch manager by being a long-term customer. Incases otherwise, NBFC save you from sweating in the waiting time.

Education Funding Options

As the cost of higher education continues to rise, many parents and young people struggle with how to cover the cost of college education. Costs of in state and private schools. What are your options when planning for education funding?

529 Plan- These types of plans allow you to contribute after tax dollars that grow tax free. Qualified withdrawals from the plan are not taxed when used for qualified education expenses. You can choose a savings plan that works similar to an IRA, which allows the student to attend a school of his/her choice. Or, you can choose a pre-paid plan that allows you to pre-pay part or all of the costs of an instate public college education.

Life Insurance – Some types of life insurance build cash value and also provide a death benefit. If funded properly, you can access the cash value at the time the child attends college. Keep in mind that accessing the cash value, could also affect the death benefit provided under the policy.

Student Loans- Student loans can be helpful but it is important to remember that students may have to divert funds in the future to repay loans. These are funds that could be used to be used to accomplish other financial goals. If borrowing becomes a necessity, parents could also take a home equity loan and deduct the loan interest at tax time.

Transferring Funds to Children- As of the 2017 tax year, parents and grandparents can gift up to $14,000 to each child without gift tax consequences.

Tax Credits- The American Opportunity Tax Credit and Lifetime Learning Credit are tax credits available to full time students. Household income guidelines do apply, so be sure to check the IRS website to see which option might work better for your family.

Education Savings Account- Parents, guardians, or other qualified individuals can contribute up to $2000 per year on behalf of eligible students under age 18. Withdrawals from the account are not taxable if used for qualified education expenses. All funds must be distributed within 30 days of the participant’s 30th birthday.

The cost of funding higher education can be daunting! It is important to consider many options when thinking about how to fund the cost. All of the above options are various mechanisms available to do so. It is also important to consider what types of grants might be available when selecting educational funding options.

Bank Balance Sheet

A balance sheet of a bank shows all financial operations conducted by a bank for a certain period of time. It reveals the borrowed funds by them, their own funds, their sources, their placements in credit and other transactions.

It is recorded in the two ways. In the left part (asset) all assets are reflected and in the right (passive) – liabilities and capital of the bank are positioned. An asset is anything that can be old whereas a liability is an obligation of the financial institution that must be eventually paid back. The owner’s equity in a bank is often referred to as bank capital, which is the remaining amount when all assets have been sold and all liabilities have been paid. The relationship of all balance sheet components can be simply described by the following equation.

Bank Assets = Bank Liabilities + Bank Capital

Assets earn revenue and include:

-Cash in hand;

-Funds on correspondent accounts;

-Funds in reserve funds of the bank;

-Granted loans to legal entities and individuals; (client loan portfolio)

-Interbank loans granted;

-Government bonds;

-Commercial securities;

Depending on the nature of the sources of funds, all liabilities differ in terms of their duration and cost. The main sources of funds as a rule, are deposits of individuals and legal entities, and in addition, funds of central (national) banks and loans obtained from other commercial banks.


-Funds of banks and other credit institutions;

-Clients accounts, including household deposits;

– The promissory notes issued by the bank;

By using liabilities the owners of banks can leverage their capital to earn much more value than would otherwise be possible using only the bank’s capital.

Also, Central banks regulate bank liabilities by setting mandatory reserve requirements from attracted deposits or by imposing administrative restrictions or incentives.

Assets and liabilities are further distinguished as being either current or long-term. Current assets are assets expected to be sold or otherwise converted to cash within 1 year; otherwise, the assets are long-term. Current liabilities are expected to be paid within 1 year; otherwise, the liabilities are long-term. Current assets and current liabilities are important in assessing liquidity of bank. The deduction of Current assets from Current liabilities gives us a working capital. It is a measure of liquidity. An excess in Working capital a bank is able to meet its short- term liabilities